360搜索引擎取真实地址-python代码

还是个比较简单的,不像百度有加密算法

分析

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http://www.so.com/link?url=http%3A%2F%2Fedu.sd.chinamobile.com%2Findex%2Fnews.do%3Faction%3DnoticeDetail%26id%3D22452&q=inurl%3Anews.do&ts=1488978912&t=89c5361a44fe3f52931d25c6de262bb&src=haosou

网址是上面这个样子,没加密直接取就好了,去掉头http://www.so.com/link?url=和尾&q=一直到末尾的部分,剩下的就可以吃了

那么规则我们就可以写出来了

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a['href'][a['href'].index('?url='):a['href'].index('&q=')][5:]

a['href']是待处理网址,a['href'].index('?url='):a['href'].index('&q=')的部分为?url=http%3A%2F%2Fedu.sd.chinamobile.com%2Findex%2Fnews.do%3Faction%3DnoticeDetail%26id%3D22452

最后还需要用unquote解码

  • 在python3中是urllib.parse.unquote
  • 在python2中是urllib.unquote

code

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import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from urllib.parse import unquote

headers = {
"User-Agent" : "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:53.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/53.0"
}

#爬取360搜索引擎真实链接,第一个参数关键词str,第二个参数爬取页数int
def parse360(keyword, pagenum):
keywordsBaseURL = 'https://www.so.com/s?q=' + str(keyword) + '&pn='
pnum = 1
while pnum <= int(pagenum):
baseURL = keywordsBaseURL + str(pnum)
try:
request = requests.get(baseURL, headers=headers)
soup = BeautifulSoup(request.text, "html.parser")
urls = [unquote(a['href'][a['href'].index('?url='):a['href'].index('&q=')][5:]) for a in soup.select('li.res-list > h3 > a')]
for url in urls:
yield url
except:
yield None
finally:
pnum += 1

用法示例:

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def main():
for url in parse360("keyword",10):
if url:
print url
else:
continue

if __name__ == '__main__':
main()

最后上一张测试图

snipaste_20170308_214047.png

转载请注明出处